The STATE OF KASHMIR on October 25, 1947 existed as an independent sovereign nation. India occupied it through manipulations and intrigues involving Maharaja Patiala initially and then slowly roping in Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir and Sheikh Abdullah, a popular leader of Kashmir. Both were hoodwinked with false promises and dream of secular India that proved to be a mirage. Hari Singh wanted Kashmir to remain independent. The growing Indian clandestine political activity sent alarm bells to the newly created independent nation of Pakistan. Very little could be done by Pakistan´s shocked Governor-General M A Jinnah whose army Chief General Douglas Gracy preferred to act on the orders received from Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten. An act in desperation by a Kashmiri Major Khurshid Anwar and Major Akbar under pseudonym General Tariq to stop India´s occupation plan lacked initial support from Pakistan army which if provided, would have put Kashmir in Pakistan's lap lock, stock and barrel. Later Pakistan having no option had to intervene and stopped Indian army´s military advance any further.
Maharaja Hari Singh succeeded his uncle Maharaja Pratap Singh, and ascended the throne on October 14, 1925. He manoeuvred to maintain his independence by playing India and Pakistan by signing stand still agreements with both the countries. Firmly in control after occupation, using Hari Singh to the hilt internationally, India terminated and dispensed with Hari Singh's rule in 1951, externed him to Bombay for rest of his life to die their on April 26, 1961.
Thus India put all its eggs in one basket; exiled Maharaja to rot in Bombay and expended Abdullah in different jails of India to die a political death. The purport accession based by India on the loyalties extended by Maharaja and Abdullah smashed to smithereens exposed India's blatant lies. India, due to frustration, is now toying with the idea of creating regionalism, communalism and division among people, hoping to complicate the issue further.
Pandit Nehru in Kashmir:
Nehru's pledge at HISTORICAL LAL CHOWK [RED SQUARE} SRINAGAR KASHMIR
An historical speech made by Jawaharlal Nehru, an offer and a solemn pledge that India is coming in to help having no intention of staying back and will leave instead, after the invasion of tribal warriors from NWFP is dealt with. "man tu shudam, tu man shudi" did not seem to work for Sheikh as perhaps Nehru did not understand the language and chose to ignore it. Nehru's cleverness paid huge dividends by associating himself with 'secular' upcoming leader of Kashmiris than with Maharaja Hari Singh whose days ,he thought were numbered and who had opposed Nehru right from the start, advocating an independent kashmir.
"People seem to forget that Kashmir is not a commodity for sale or to be bartered. It has an individual existence and its people must be the final arbiters of their future." Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru July 6, 1951
When, after the transfer of power, the Maharaja of Kashmir refrained from accession to either Dominion, his progress towards a viable independence was closely watched (and possibly encouraged) by these same Sikh rulers.
When he began to experience increasing difficulty in resisting the Azad Kashmir movement among his subjects, the Maharaja of Patiala lent him units of his own State Army. The evidence is strong that these Patiala troops entered the State of Kashmir some days before the combined Azad Kashmiri-Pathan operation along the Jhelum Valley of 21-22 October 1947 which marks the formal beginning of the great Kashmir crises. [Alastair Lamb 'Incomplete Partition' p.91]
Over one million trigger happy armed men in uniform, who do not understand the language, culture, religion, ethos and behaviour, pounce on local population with vengeance and a mindset to eliminate the populace to occupy this rich paradise belonging to the poor inhabitants. It is amazing to find the "GOOD PEOPLE" of the world turning a blind eye to these atrocities committed with impunity. UN can see what happens in Syria but when it comes to Kashmir they look the other way and one wonders why?
Indian army on rampage, killing fields, genocide and the world wakes up
President elect Barrack Obama (October, 2008) calling Kashmir ´an interesting situation´ said he was ready to explore US's role to devote serious diplomatic resources to get a special envoy in Indian sub-continent to figure out a plausible approach". (Reported Daily Times)
The former US President, Bill Clinton could be chosen as a special envoy on Kashmir issue. He further stated that "Clinton had had an experience dealing with such problems. To substantiate his claim President Obama said that Clinton had played a role in ending the ´Kargil crises´ in Kashmir in 1999.
President Obama, as reported, remained optimistic about changing the regional dynamic, recognising that Kashmir was ´obviously a potential tar pit´ for American diplomacy.
Kashmiris overwhelmingly felt encouraged by the optimism displayed by President Obama during his last phase of poll campaign, that if he won the election he would like to mediate between India and Pakistan to try to resolve the Kashmir issue.
"The longstanding US position on Kashmir is that the whole of the former princely state is disputed territory. The whole issue must be resolved through negotiations between India and Pakistan, taking into account the wishes of the Kashmiri people,"
[US Congressional Research Service (CRS)]
Trifurcation of the State:
Following decades old Dixon Plan, some believe, can provide a lasting peace and a final solution to the vexed problem of Kashmir. India managed to do a huge damage to the very fabric of communal harmony and succeeded in dividing people sowing the seeds of regionalism. Kashmir has a long history of toleration, togetherness and hospitality irrespective of cast, colour or creed. Due to a different colour, language, features and culture; India found it difficult to change the demographic character of the valley and that is the reason India finally, in frustration, resorted to use of brute force to subjugate the people by hook or by crook. In the last twenty two years more than one hundred thousand people have been killed mercilessly, hundreds of women raped, thousands disappeared perished in Indian torture chambers and millions worth of property razed out of vengeance.
"A grant of plebiscite to the people of Kashmir Valley is the obvious solution. If, as a third alternative Kashmir becomes an Independent Democratic and Secular State, its territorial integrity should be guaranteed by India, Pakistan and the UN. That would end the hostility between India and Pakistan and Kashmir will acquirethe Status of the Switzerland of Asia. A Humanist cannot wish for anything better".
(Justice Tarkunde, February 19, 1990)
Over one hundred thousand men, women and children killed in the last twenty two years. An independent Kashmir can be a bridge and instrumental between two hostile nuclear nations. Censorship imposed in "Indian democracy" conveniently and with suitability worsens the situations. Indian army makes sure to confine populace behind doors as millions on the roads create an embarrassing situation and international community is inclined to ask few questions.
Kashmiri Pandit Subhash, the martyr who laid his life for his motherland fighting Indian occupational forces.
Prof Chitralekha Zutshi, a Kashmiri Pandit acclaimed scholar while talking to Rising Kashmir says "The sadistic approach of New Delhi toward Kashmir has made people radical and anti-Indian".